Considering Admitting a New Partner into Your Partnership?
Admitting a new partner may be a simple matter, but tax planning can help avoid various tax problems associated with admitting a new partner. If your partnership has any unrealized receivables or substantially appreciated inventory items, the change in ownership is treated as a sale of those items and the current partners will recognize a taxable gain. For this purpose, unrealized receivables include not only accounts receivable, but also depreciation recapture and certain other ordinary income items. To defer gain recognition on those items, it is necessary that they be allocated to the current partners even after the entry of the new partner.
Another potential trap is any “built-in gain or loss” on assets that were held by the partnership before the new partner was admitted be allocated to the current partners and not to the entering partner. Generally speaking, “built-in gain or loss” is the difference between the fair market value and basis of the partnership property at the time the new partner is admitted. For example, an apartment complex purchased for $500,000 ten years ago has appreciated and now has a fair market value of $800,000. This requires allocating depreciation to the new partner based on his share the depreciable property using current fair market value at the time of admission. This reduces the amount of depreciation allocated to the existing partners and will require a special allocation of the “built-in gain or loss” when partnership assets are sold.